Plantation vs. primary succession. Complex wilderness versus monoculture crop.
Natural reforestation is important. Necessary both for implementation to be possible and for it to be useful. Imagine managing 10 acres of meadow, how would you reforest it? The less fossil fuel involved, the cheaper and more localized and more resilient the solutions will inherently be though they may take more time, be less certain, and be more complex. The art of steering natural succession is the most great aspect of agroforestry I ever met, from the jungles of southern Mexico to the forest gardens in the Finger Lakes. Natural succession, the momentum of nature, and the management in the moment that makes it happen in mutualism with All.